Volume 1 Chapter 11

Renewable energies are championed by everybody. We will see that in particular the EU has developed many technologies and much legislation to promote the penetration of renewable energies, in particular in the field of electricity generation. The progress achieved in this area will be evaluated and we will find out that the EU is the worldwide leader in the field. However we will also see that big challenges lie ahead. A large part of the chapter is devoted to the German EnergieWende and from there we will analyse the historical development and the present state of affairs regarding subsidies available for the promotion of renewable energy production. After analysing the role of urban waste as a fuel for renewable energies, we will assess the role of biofuels. While strictly speaking this chapter is on renewable energy, it will conclude with a consideration of the development of

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